Brain breaks are short, simple activities that teachers can do during transitions, when their class is not 100% present, and as a regular part of the schedule. Throughout a school day, there are a lot of demands on students to stay in control of their behavior, complete their work, focus on instruction, and participate. That’s a lot of self-regulation for students. It can be very helpful for teachers to use activities and strategies throughout the day that help students regulate.
Beyond just simple brain breaks, we can differentiate brain breaks to be more responsive to your students needs. Let's check out some ways to begin to incorporate brain breaks into your day and how to have them support students to self-regulate.
Differentiating Brain Breaks
Not all brain breaks are created equal. They should be responsive to the students. Some times you need activities that will help students wake up after they have been sitting for too long. Other times, you need something to bring everyone back down to Earth after an exciting activity. Or sometimes you just need to get everyone back in the learning and thinking mindset.
On your schedule for a week, note how students are doing before, during, and after different activities. Are they sleepy or super active or scattered? Once you have a good feel for the flow of the class during the day, note an activity you can do that will bring the class back to just right.
Tips for Brain Breaks
Consider the age of your students. Younger students need more frequent breaks. That doesn’t mean 5 minutes activities. It just means they need some help getting refocused and back to work. Think about how you can build regular and natural breaks into your day that give your students a minute to take a breath and dive back in.
Plan transitions like you do lessons. Transitions are great opportunities to help students regulate themselves. They can be more than just getting students from one activity to another. Instead they can set students up to be focused when the next activity begins.
Like any other routine in your class, Brain Breaks need to be taught. Introduce a few at a time and practice them. Organize the breaks, deliver clear instructions and do a practice round.
Give brain breaks an academic and fun focus. There is not reason not to integrate math problems in or weekly spelling.
Use the breaks that correspond to your students’ activity level. Have some wiggle worms? Use the calming or focusing exercises. Have a half asleep class? Use the energizing or focusing exercises.
Brain Breaks to Try
Energizing Brain Breaks
Wiggle Down: Have students stand up behind their desks with their chairs pushed in. They are going to wiggle their arms and legs. Have students wiggle their right arm for 5 seconds, their left arm for 5 seconds, their right leg for 5 seconds, and their left leg for 5 seconds. Then do the same for 4 seconds, 3 seconds, and so on.
Dance Like: Students will dance based on the descriptor you call out. Every 30 seconds or so, stop the music and call out another. Here are some examples: Dance like … you have sore foot, just woke up, are dizzy, are in jelly, are 90 years old.
Name Jam: Students say their name and do a move (e.g., clap, wiggle, snap). The class repeats their name and the move.
Focusing Brain Breaks
I Spy: Find something in the room and tell the students “I spy with my little eye, something _____________”. Describe it based on one dimension (e.g, color, height, age, etc). Students can also take turns.
Start with a Line: Have students take out a piece of paper and draw a line. You can also photo copy paper with a line on it already. Students then draw an object with the line at the center. You can give them a theme like animals, plants, robots, food, houses, etc.
Alliteration: Students have to write a sentence with all the words starting with the same letter. It is fun to choose a relevant theme (e.g., Spring, sports, breakfast). Example: Pam picks pineapples.
Calming Brain Breaks
Time to bring that energy level down a bit.
Deep Dive: This is a classic deep breath. You can change the amount of time for each, but the key is to slowly inhale and exhale, and to hold the breath for a certain amount of time. In this one, they inhale for 4 seconds, hold for 2 seconds, and exhale for 5 seconds.
Superhero Pose: Students stand up, feet shoulder width apart, shoulders back, chest out, hands on hips. Tell them to take a deep breath in, letting it fill up their chest. Stand tall and proud. Then breath out slowly letting their chest come down inch by inch. Still keeping their head held high. Repeat 5 times.
Stretch It: Have students do a series of stretches. Do whichever are familiar or simple. Hold each stretch for 15-20 seconds. Stretches: reach for the sky, touch your toes, arm circles, neck circles.
Take a look at your schedule and think about when you could add in brain breaks that are responsive and differentiated for your students. Do you want to start the day with a focusing exercise? Do a calming break after recess? Start with one time a day and expand from there.
Looking for more ideas for self regulation activities?
Using Yoga in Schools or Calming Tools for the Classroom may be just what you are looking for.