Last Counseling Sessions. What Are You Missing? 

By: Laura Driscoll
Read Time:  min

How do you end individual counseling services with a student? Termination is an important event in counseling and it might be one that we shortchange a bit. Totally get it. The student is ready, they met their goals. BUT, we have an opportunity in that last session to make counseling progress last.

Students need to exit counseling feeling ready to handle problems on their own, proud of their growth, and positive about their relationship with you. If they don't feel ready, proud, or positive about counseling, it can impact how they do on their own. 

Cover 4 essentials when you are terminating counseling and use some easy go-to activities to engage and prepare students. Students will leave counseling ready, proud and positive.

4 elements of counseling termination

4 Parts of Counseling Termination

Explain Termination

From the beginning of counseling, be transparent with the student what the goal is. The goal is for them to learn skills to be their own counselor so they don't need you. They will be able to handle situations on their own. 

As students are getting close to exiting counseling, help them understand why it's ending using familiar situations. You can compare it to saying goodbye to a teacher at the end of the year or a coach at the end of a sports season. 

Talk with parents and teachers about how they can support the student and the progress they made.Try giving them a short one-page cheat sheet that they can refer to. It can include the student's go-to strategies, common triggers, and goals the student still has. 

Structure and Preview the Ending

Think flexibly about the best way to end counseling with a student. For some students going from counseling once a week to none at all can be jarring. You can try a different schedule, such as every other week or once a month.

Have a countdown until the last session. You can have a calendar or just a punch card with the number of session left. It is helpful to have visuals. When you only say it verbally, many students will be taken by surprise the last day.

Before the last counseling session, preview what it will be like with the student. Let them know if you have a special activity planned and briefly tell them what your relationship will be like after counseling has ended.

Last Counseling Sessions

Last Counseling Session

Review Progress

The last session(s) is a great time for students to reflect on all the progress they have made in counseling. You can review their initial goals, how they changed, and praise those achievements. 

Reflection Cards for Counseling Termination

It is nice to create something they can take with them that will be a reminder of what they have learned and something they can also reference after counseling over. This simple Strategy Pack or Strategy Wallet can easily be adapted for elementary or middle school. 

Create cards that will help the student reflect on skills they learned, what they are good at, who is a support for them, and anything else that is relevant.

You can use a different metaphor to represent their growth. For example:

  • Ready to set sail and packing their boat. 
  • Filling their toolbox with tools for any job.
  • A flower blooming with the petals representing learned skills.
Counseling Termination activities: strategy backpack
Counseling termination Strategy Wallet

Create a Prevention Plan

This part of the last counseling session is key to helping a student be successful without your support. They brainstorm possible problems that might come up. For example, say they have a presentation in class or a group project coming up in a couple weeks. This is the kind of situation that would make them so nervous they would skip class or refuse to get up.

They can think of how they will handle these common situations, what strategies will help, and who they can rely on for support.

A simple trifold folder like the one below is perfect for students to take with them.

This is also a great time to determine when and how the student can see you in the future if needed. Consider scheduling a check-in session for a few weeks after counseling ends or include a pass to see you in their prevention plan. 

Termination counseling activities: prevention plan

Model Healthy Goodbyes

The end of a counseling relationship is an ideal time to model that relationships can have positive and healthy endings.

Consider giving the student a gift or token of your relationship. A follower on my Instagram account said her counselor collected shells when she was on vacation and gave one to her in their last session. I love this kind of simple and meaningful token.

For elementary and middle school kids, it's nice to take the opportunity to have the token serve multiple purposes. For the Power Word Keychain, students pick a word that represents their growth or a goal they still have. They make the keychain with letter beads or create a code using color beads. They can keep it in their pocket as a fidget or just as a visual reminder.

Counseling termination with elementary students: power word token

It's important to model that there may be mixed feelings about counseling ending.

 “I feel sad that we won’t meet every week and I’m also proud that you can do this on your own.”

Express confidence that they are ready and that you are always here if they need you.

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Counseling Termination Activities and Ideas for school counseling. Support elementary students by preparing them to handle situations on their own, feel proud of their counseling progress, and feel positive about their counseling experience.

I’m a school psychologist who left her office (closet?) and got busy turning a decade of experience into ready to use counseling and SEL resources.

I live in New York City with my adventurous husband and relaxed to the max daughter who’ve grown to appreciate my love of a good checklist.
  • Thank you Laura, this is a wonderful outline and group of suggestions for this extremely important phase of therapy. I plan to share with the therapists that I am supervising that are new to the field and need to build their termination/closure/goodbye toolbox!
    Sarah Ruhl, LICSW
    Clinical Supervisor, S-B MH
    ESD 112

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